Most smokers become addicted to nicotine, a drug that is found naturally in tobacco. More people in the united states are addicted to nicotine than to any other drug. Research suggests that nicotine may be as addictive as heroin, cocaine, or alcohol.
Smokers are four time at an increased risk for gum disease or periodontal disease than non-smokers. Gum disease or periodontal disease affects gums, alveolar bone, periodontal ligaments, and cementum. These supporting structures are negatively compromised due to the excess of harmful chemical in cigarette smoke, leading to tooth loss. Smokers are twice more likely to suffer tooth loss than non-smokers.
Smokers are at a higher risk for developing leukoplakia, leading to throat, lung, and oral cancers.
Smokers also have a harder time recovering from dental procedures such as periodontal treatments, dental implants, and tooth extraction.
Smokers are at a higher risk of developing dry socket from tooth extraction, which in turn leads to severe pain in the affected area due to the bone and nerve ending being exposed. Smoking can increase build up of plaque and tarter, makes teeth less attractive due to staining and cause bad breath. Quitting smoking greatly reduces the risk of developing smoking-related health problems.
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